on November 22, the kick-off meeting and expert seminar of “China Mangrove Protection and Restoration Strategy Research Project” jointly initiated by our Foundation, Paulson Institute, Mangrove Wetland Conservation Foundation and International Union for Conservation of Nature, was held in Shenzhen. The research project is one of the key works in costal wetland conservation network in China and will conduct detailed research on the protection and restoration strategy of mangroves in China and provide relevant policy suggestions. This seminar focuses on the status quo and progress of mangrove conservation in China and conducts forward-looking discussion on the objectives, significance and implementation plans of the research project.
Figure © Paulson Institute
Why we need to protect mangrove
Mangrove is a forestry community peculiar to the seashores in tropical and subtropical zones and a very important coastal ecosystem with irreplaceably important ecological value. However, under the influence of human activities and global changes, the mangrove ecosystem all over the round is facing severe problems, such as area reduction, biodiversity loss and degeneration of ecosystem function.
Mangrove has irreplaceable ecological value
According to studies, over the past 50 years, the mangroves in China have been decreased by73%
Guard against stormy waves
Protect the coast
Provide living environment for wildlife
Functions of mangrove
Wetland conservation: from blueprint to implementation
In recent years, research on wetland conservation has gradually stepped into public view and moved towards implementation. In 2015, our Foundation cooperated with the Paulson Institute and completed Wetland Protection Act of the People’s Republic of China, which provides scientific basis and actionable policy suggestions for the formulation of coastal wetland conservation strategy and the determination of ecological red line for coastal wetland.
As one of the subsequent actions of Wetland Protection Act of the People’s Republic of China, “China Mangrove Protection and Restoration Strategy Research Project” will promote concrete implementation work based on part of previous research results: focus on analyzing and studying the strategy of mangrove protection and restoration. The project will conduct analysis and evaluation on the spatial distribution in the implementation of the key construction project for the restoration and afforestation of nearly 50,000 hectares of mangroves, provide specific protection and restoration scheme, form policy suggestion, and promote the formation and implementation of the national strategy regarding mangrove conservation in China.
On the seminar, Dr. Shi Jianbin, Associate Director of Conservation of Paulson Institute, emphasized the important significance of the project to coastal zone restoration and coastal wetland conservation in China and said wetland conservation work was receiving more and more attention.
As an important part of coastal zone restoration work, the protection and restoration of mangrove ecosystem relates to the health of coastal wetland ecosystem. We need to closely integrate the implementation and results of the project with the coastal zone restoration work and important coastal wetland protection work being carried out and planned to be carried out in China, so as to provide technical support and scientific basis for these projects. Paulson Institute is willing to participate and support in the research and practice regarding the exploration and promotion of mangrove protection and restoration in China and make due contribution to coastal wetland conservation in China.
——Dr. Shi Jianbin, Associate Director of Conservation of Paulson Institute
On the seminar, Professor Lei Guangchun, Director General of Mangrove Wetland Conservation Foundation and Dean of the School of Nature Conservation of Beijing Forestry University, elaborated the important ecological value of mangrove by taking 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami as an example and introduced the status quo of global wetland conservation based on Global Wetland Outlook report released by Secretariat of Ramsar Convention.
The rate of disappearance of wetland is three times that of forest
From 1970 to 2015, the area of wetland in the world is decreased by 35%
Starting from 2000, the annual increasing rate of wetland is decreased
Professor Lei Guangchun said: “the sharp decrease of wetland area and the sharp decline of ecological function have become a global issue. ‘China Mangrove Protection and Restoration Strategy Research Project’ can not only provide support for the protection and restoration of mangrove in China, but also provide Chinese model for the strategy and method of wetland conservation all over the world.”
Participating experts and representatives conducted heated and detailed discussion on the implementation scheme and schedule development of the project and believed that the project is very necessary and well-timed. They said they would conduct concrete research work as soon as possible and strive to complete various tasks and objectives of the project in the right time and quality.
China coastal wetland conservation network
In order to better promote the conservation and management of coastal wetland, our Foundation cooperated with Paulson Institute and the Department of Wetland Management of National Forestry and Grassland Administration (former Office of Wetland Conservation and Management, State Forestry Administration) and jointly initiated China Coastal Wetland Conservation Network in 2015. The network aims at organizing and implementing extensive exchange and cooperation, building cooperation and exchange platform for improving the overall efficiency of coastal wetland conservation and management in China, sharing best practices among members of the network, and promoting concerted and coordinated conservation actions and information sharing.