Over ten years ago on the barren mountain in Horinger, there was a lonely “apricot tree with a hundred years’ history”. That year, Mr. Niu Gensheng was facing such a barren mountain “with no bird in the sky, no grass on the ground and no treasure under the ground”. It was this old apricot tree that gave him the confidence and courage to promote the project of “ecological restoration and protection”. In such severe natural environment, even an apricot tree no one cares about can grow freely and stand erect for one hundred year; in that way, so long as we use scientific method and invest sufficient passion to love the land, we certainly can revitalize it. Today after ten years, the old apricot tree is no longer alone and the 40,000 mu of barren mountain have turned into green land. Animals like fox, hare, badger and roe deer, birds like Tadorna Ferruginea, Eurasian Spoonbill and Amur Falcon, and herbaceous plant like Setaria Viridis, Pennisetum Centrasiaticum and Leymus Secalinus have all appeared again and the biodiversity here has reached over 80 species. Look at these species in arid and semi-arid region, how many of them can you recognize?
Poaceae; Setaria; Latin name: Setaria viridis, annual herb. Grow on the wilderness and along roadsides. The leaf sheath is loose. The blades are flat, long triangle shape, lanceolate or filiform lanceolate. The inflorescence is panicle, showing tight teretifolious or the root is slightly sparse, up-right or slightly bent. The caryopses are grey white.
Poaceae; Setaria; Latin name: Pennisetum centrasiaticum; perennial herb. Grow on hillside, roadside, along farmland and in nursery. The leaves are strip-type. The leaf sheath is hairless with mouth and marginal fur. The inflorescence is panicle, up-right or slightly bent. The main axis has corner edge, furless or with rare loose short fur. The caryopses are long elliptic.
Poaceae; Leymus; Latin name: Leymus Secalinus; perennial herb. Grow on low and flat bottomland, in river valley, and salinized meadow grassland in lakeside bottomland. The leaves are dark green, open and flat or involute. The inflorescence is spica, up-right. The maturing rate is low. Many florets are unfertile and difficult to collect seeds.
Grow on vast and flat undulated highland. The basal leaves are blunt and round, lanceolate. The blades are vertically curly, with fuzz on the top and smooth below. The inflorescence is panicle and the root is contained in the leaf sheath. The spikelet are light green or purple.