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The 25th Lao Niu Philanthropy Class was held

DATA:2022-12-15  Views:2

On December 9th, Lao Niu Philanthropy Class held an online theme sharing activity. Zhu Wei, director of the Institute of Urban Systems Engineering of Beijing Academy of Science and Technology, brought a wonderful sharing of "The Path and practice of Safe and resilient community construction". He focused on three levels of interpretation of "from city to community, from safety to resilience, and from concept to construction". The importance of community risk prevention, community disaster prevention and resilience theory and the construction path of safety and resilience community were deeply analyzed. The application demonstration of safety and resilience community construction practice was introduced with examples, and interactive communication was conducted with online partners.

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Community is the main bearer of urban comprehensive risk. In recent years, various community risk events were occurred frequently, "black swan" and "gray rhinoceros" type of community risk need to strengthen monitoring and prevention. Building "resilient communities" with self-organization, self-adaptation and self-recovery capabilities will further improve the intelligent level of community governance, enhance community service capacity, effectively prevent all kinds of social risks, provide new ideas for coping with urban crises and ensuring community safety, and lay a solid foundation for building resilient cities


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Content  Review 





From City to Community: Community is the grassroots foundation of urban governance


Community is the basic unit of human group activities and urban risk management as well as the first recipient of various public emergencies. As a disaster carrier, communities are vulnerable and highly threatened by "black swan" external risks under the influence of external risks. Community is also the place where risks lurk and gather. The inherent risk elements in community, such as "people, things, places, things and organizations", are coupled and correlated, with complexity and the "grey rhinoceros" type of internal risk agglomeration coupling. Community risk prevention and control and security management is the basis of urban public security risk prevention and control, and also the entry point of connecting specific points and middle-view operation. It provides fresh data source for urban security upward, forms livelihood assembly line for the public downward, and creates comprehensive information channel for government, community, enterprise and individual.



From Security to Resilience: Resilience is a new requirement under the security situation


On November 3, 2020, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee deliberated and adopted the CPC Central Committee's Proposal for Formulating the 14th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the long-term Goals for 2035, which first put forward the building of "resilient cities". In the face of the shortcomings of community construction exposed in emergency response to various disasters, we have learned the necessity and urgency of building resilient communities. On this basis, building strong resilient cities that can withstand disasters and recover health through planning optimization can be an important starting point to improve the emergency response capacity of the grassroots. Under the study of resilient cities, researchers began to think about the construction of resilient communities.


From Concept to Construction: Ways to build resilient communities in the context of new technologies


To build a "resilient city", the first step is to conduct a physical examination of community safety, and "look, hear, ask and determine" facility risks by unit. Taking the application demonstration of Yizhuang Town, Daxing District as an example, at present, relying on big data technology, Yizhuang Town has realized the monitoring of community power distribution room, fire equipment, parking lot, buildings, etc. to display the location, type and grade of risk sources in the jurisdiction in real time. At the same time, key population resilience tests and community environment (physical environment, emergency environment and interpersonal environment) assessment were also carried out. A community risk map based on the perspective of resilience was drawn, including marking community risk points and informing residents of the main risks and matters needing attention in the community. Community emergency resource information; Community emergency contact information and common emergency treatment process; Disaster prevention and reduction of common signs, symbols popular science and community evacuation routes. Yizhuang Town is building a "resilient city" through the construction of a digital emergency response system and a smart Internet of Things system, so that citizens' homes can deal with and withstand external disasters or shocks.


What is a resilient community?


Resilient community Resilient Community refers to a community or community system that can resolve and resist external disasters or shocks, keep its main features and functions from being significantly affected, and recover quickly. That is, when disasters occur, resilient communities are able to withstand shocks, respond quickly, recover, and keep their communities functioning properly, and better prepare for future disaster risks through internal adaptive processes. It is manifested as the self-organization, self-adaptation and self-recovery ability of the community. In line with the resilience of resilient urban construction, from the perspective of social capital, Community resilience is mainly reflected in natural capital, human capital, economic capital, physical capital and social capital) five aspects. Compared with traditional communities, resilient communities are more diversified in construction goals and focus on self-repair after improvement. The quality of the space environment is improved, and the micro-climate is self-generated. Improving infrastructure construction; Management and governance are also more humane, more accurate and efficient.

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More than 100 people participated in the online learning exchange through the interaction with the Civil Affairs Department of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (Charity Promotion and Social Work Department) and Inner Mongolia Huayi Public Affairs Service Center.